The <generator> class is a sub-element of id. It is used to generate the unique identifier for the objects of persistent class. There are many generator classes defined in the Hibernate Framework. All the generator classes implements the org.

What is the use of ID GeneratedValue?

Annotation Type GeneratedValue

Provides for the specification of generation strategies for the values of primary keys. The GeneratedValue annotation may be applied to a primary key property or field of an entity or mapped superclass in conjunction with the Id annotation.

What is generated value in Hibernate?

Hibernate supports some generation strategies to generate a primary key in the database table. We can access the strategy with the help of @GeneratedValue annotation. The @GeneratedValue annotation specifies how to generate values for the given column.
Hibernate GeneratedValue Strategies

  • AUTO.
  • TABLE.

Why ID is mandatory in Hibernate?

Yes, hibernate requires an Id. Sometimes if you are dealing with a legacy database that for whatever reason does not have a key, you can define the key in Hibernate to be a composite key of all the columns for example, as this will be guaranteed to be unique.

What is GenerationType in Hibernate?

SEQUENCE is the generation type recommended by the Hibernate documentation. The generated values are unique per sequence. If we don’t specify a sequence name, Hibernate will reuse the same hibernate_sequence for different types.

What does the ID annotation in an entity bean signify?

The @Id annotation lets you define which property is the identifier of your entity bean. This property can be set by the application itself or be generated by Hibernate (preferred).

What is the use of Cascade in Hibernate?

Cascade is a convenient feature to save the lines of code needed to manage the state of the other side manually. The “Cascade” keyword is often appear on the collection mapping to manage the state of the collection automatically.

What is temporal annotation in Hibernate?

Temporal data can have DATE, TIME, or TIMESTAMP precision (i.e., the actual date, only the time, or both). Use the @Temporal annotation to fine tune that. The temporal data is the data related to time. For example, in a content management system, the creation-date and last-updated date of an article are temporal data.

What is dialect in Hibernate?

Dialect is a class that acts as a bridge between Java JDBC types and SQL types, which contains the mapping between java language data type and database datatype. Dialect allows Hibernate to generate SQL optimized for a particular relational database.

What is entity annotation in Hibernate?

@Entity annotation marks this class as an entity. @Table annotation specifies the table name where data of this entity is to be persisted. If you don’t use @Table annotation, hibernate will use the class name as the table name by default.

What is @transactional in Hibernate?

A transaction simply represents a unit of work. In such case, if one step fails, the whole transaction fails (which is termed as atomicity). A transaction can be described by ACID properties (Atomicity, Consistency, Isolation and Durability).

What is lazy loading in Hibernate?

Hibernate now can “lazy-load” the children, which means that it does not actually load all the children when loading the parent. Instead, it loads them when requested to do so. You can either request this explicitly or, and this is far more common, hibernate will load them automatically when you try to access a child.

What is @transient in Hibernate?

@Transient annotation in JPA or Hibernate is used to indicate that a field is not to be persisted or ignore fields to save in the database. @Transient exist in javax. persistence package. It is used to annotate a property or field of an entity class, mapped superclass, or embeddable class.

What is Evict in Hibernate?

evict() To detach the object from session cache, hibernate provides evict() method. After detaching the object from the session, any change to object will not be persisted. The associated objects will also be detached if the association is mapped with cascade=”evict”.

What is dirty check in Hibernate?

Hibernate provides as feature called Automatic Dirty checking whereby changes to a persistent object are automatically saved to the database when the session is flushed or the transaction is committed. So the code does not need to invoke an explicit save or update.

What is persistence in Hibernate?

Hibernate Persist is used to save an entity or a record. There are other methods such as save and update. The persist method is used to change the state of transient entity form to a persisted or managed state. Persist is the method offered by EntityManager of JPA and is also inherited by hibernate Session.

What is a transient object?

Transient means unprocessed object or the object which is instantiated or newly created. Once the object is being submitting for any other operation than the object state is known an persistent.

What is the difference between save and persist in Hibernate?

Difference between saving and persist method in Hibernate

1)The first difference between save and persist is there return type. Similar to save method, persist also INSERT records into the database, but return type of persist is void while return type of save is Serializable Object.

What is default constructor in Hibernate POJO?


All persistent classes must have a default constructor (which can be non-public) so that Hibernate can instantiate them using Constructor. newInstance() . It is recommended that you have a default constructor with at least package visibility for runtime proxy generation in Hibernate.

Why do we use POJO class in Hibernate?

POJO classes are used in hibernate for mapping to database objects. That means all object entities we make in POJO classes will be reflected in a database object. It should not extend classes, implement interfaces, or contain prespecified annotations.

What are the joins in Hibernate?

Hibernate supports 4 types of joins..

  • Left Join.
  • Right Join.
  • Full Join.
  • Inner Join.

Is default constructor mandatory in Hibernate POJO?

It’s not mandatory to define default constructor, but if you are writing Hibernate persistent class, JPA entities, or using the Spring framework to manage object creation and wiring dependencies, you need to be a bit careful.

Why do we need no args constructor?

In Java, a no-argument constructor is the default constructor and if you don’t define explicitly in your program. Then Java Compiler will create a default constructor with no arguments. The purpose is to call the superclass constructor.

Can we inherit a constructor?

Constructors are not members, so they are not inherited by subclasses, but the constructor of the superclass can be invoked from the subclass.