Overview. Key-value observing is a Cocoa programming pattern you use to notify objects about changes to properties of other objects. It’s useful for communicating changes between logically separated parts of your app—such as between models and views.

What is key-value observing Swift?

Key-value observing is the ability for Swift to attach code to variables, so that whenever the variable is changed the code runs. It’s similar to property observers ( willSet and didSet ), except KVO is for adding observers outside of the type definition.

What is key-value coding and key-value Observing?

Using a mechanism called key-value coding (KVC), you can manipulate object properties indirectly. With KVC comes the ability to observe changes to a particular key value, which is known as key-value observing (KVO).

What is key-value coding in IOS?

Key-value coding is a mechanism enabled by the NSKeyValueCoding informal protocol that objects adopt to provide indirect access to their properties. When an object is key-value coding compliant, its properties are addressable via string parameters through a concise, uniform messaging interface.

What framework is KVO key-value observing a part of?

Key-Value Observing, KVO for short, is an important concept of the Cocoa API. It allows objects to be notified when the state of another object changes. That sounds very useful.

What is key-value observing?

Key-value observing is a Cocoa programming pattern you use to notify objects about changes to properties of other objects. It’s useful for communicating changes between logically separated parts of your app—such as between models and views. You can only use key-value observing with classes that inherit from NSObject .

What is KVC and KVO in IOS?

KVO and KVC or Key-Value Observing and Key-Value Coding are mechanisms originally built and provided by Objective-C that allows us to locate and interact with the underlying properties of a class that inherits NSObject at runtime.

What is Nsobject in Swift?

This protocol is imported into Swift with the name NSObjectProtocol . An object that conforms to this protocol can be considered a first-class object. Such an object can be asked about its: Class, and the place of its class in the inheritance hierarchy. Conformance to protocols.

What is property observation in Swift?

Property observers observe and respond to changes in a property’s value. Property observers are called every time a property’s value is set, even if the new value is the same as the property’s current value. You can add property observers in the following places: Stored properties that you define.

How do you observe property in Swift?

Swift property observers

For example, you could add a @WrappedDefault property to a view controller. To make use of the property observers within a centralized class like AppSettings , you would need to pass in a closure to execute in the observers or post a Notification — neither of which are ideal.

What is a KeyPath in Swift?

KeyPath is a type that represent a references to properties and subscripts. Since it is a type, you can store it in a variable, pass it around, or even perform an operation on a key path. We can use a key path to get/set their underlying values at a later time.

What is a key path?

Noun. keypath (plural keypaths) (computing, Microsoft Windows) A path to a file or other component that is critical to the installation of a given program.

What is backslash dot in Swift?

Quote from the video:
Quote from video: And the value is of type string. So we are pointing to the name so it should be string if it was at the h you would see integer here now if this type was already. Given.

What is mirror in Swift?

Swift has a built-in Mirror struct that lets us query any kind of data in our code. It’s most commonly used to read through the list of properties that are available, but it’s also used in playgrounds to print out user-readable values inside types.

What is reflection in iOS?

Reflection is a common programming language feature that enables us to inspect, and work with, the members of a type — dynamically, at runtime.

What is a Metatype in Swift?

A metatype type refers to the type of any type, including class types, structure types, enumeration types, and protocol types. The metatype of a class, structure, or enumeration type is the name of that type followed by .

What is any type in Swift?

The Any type represents values of any type, including optional types. Swift gives you a warning if you use an optional value where a value of type Any is expected. If you really do need to use an optional value as an Any value, you can use the as operator to explicitly cast the optional to Any , as shown below.

What is Upcasting and Downcasting in Swift?

Downcasting is the opposite of upcasting. When you upcast, you cast from a subclass to a superclass (upwards) When you downcast, you cast from a superclass to a subclass (downwards)

What is difference between array and NSArray?

Array is a struct, therefore it is a value type in Swift. NSArray is an immutable Objective C class, therefore it is a reference type in Swift and it is bridged to Array . NSMutableArray is the mutable subclass of NSArray . Because foo changes the local value of a and bar changes the reference.

What is guard in Swift?

In Swift, we use the guard statement to transfer program control out of scope when certain conditions are not met. The guard statement is similar to the if statement with one major difference. The if statement runs when a certain condition is met. However, the guard statement runs when a certain condition is not met.

Why is guard better than if?

It’s common to see guard used one or more times at the start of methods, because it’s used to verify some conditions are correct up front. This makes our code easier to read than if we tried to check a condition then run some code, then check another condition and run some different code.

What is difference between guard and if let?

In if let , the defined let variables are available within the scope of that if condition but not in else condition or even below that. In guard let , the defined let variables are not available in the else condition but after that, it’s available throughout till the function ends or anything.

What is defer in iOS?

Defer is, according to Apple, for running cleanup actions before the current scope exits. This guide is to help developers who find this language quite impenetrable and how to use this (actually useful) keyword in Swift.

Why do we use defer?

Defer is used to ensure that a function call is performed later in a program’s execution, usually for purposes of cleanup. defer is often used where e.g. ensure and finally would be used in other languages. Suppose we wanted to create a file, write to it, and then close when we’re done.

What does === mean in Swift?

identity operator

The === or identity operator compares the identity of the objects. It checks whether the operands refer to the same object. As you can see, arr1 and arr2 do not refer to the same object, despite the objects being equal.