fi statement is the fundamental control statement that allows Shell to make decisions and execute statements conditionally.

Why do we use fi in Linux?

FYI is an acronym of “For Your Information”.

The information made available for use by using FYI does not request for instant action, it is a piece of extra information to increment the most important message or information.

What language uses if fi?

fi are used by Unix/Linux shells in shell programming, This is an if statement.

What is ESAC in bash?

esac statement is to give an expression to evaluate and to execute several different statements based on the value of the expression. The interpreter checks each case against the value of the expression until a match is found. If nothing matches, a default condition will be used.

What is difference between if else Fi and if Elif else Fi statement?

In several other languages, the elif is written as “elseif” or “else if”. The elif statement helps us to make decisions among different choices. The “if’ keyword is followed by the condition you want to check. In this if-else-if conditional statement, the expressions are evaluated from top to bottom.

What is Fi in if else statement?

if..else.. fi allows to make choice based on the success or failure of a command. For example, find out if file exists (true condition) or not (false condition) and take action based on a condition result.

What is Z in shell script?

The Z shell (Zsh) is a Unix shell that can be used as an interactive login shell and as a command interpreter for shell scripting. Zsh is an extended Bourne shell with many improvements, including some features of Bash, ksh, and tcsh.

What is Elif Bash?

Bash else-if statement is used for multiple conditions. It is just like an addition to Bash if-else statement. In Bash elif, there can be several elif blocks with a boolean expression for each one of them. In the case of the first ‘if statement’, if a condition goes false, then the second ‘if condition’ is checked.

How many Elif can be used in shell script?

If none of the test commands evaluate to True , the STATEMENTS2 is executed. You can have one or more elif clauses in the statement.

How do I check if two strings are equal in Linux?


  1. Use == operator with bash if statement to check if two strings are equal.
  2. You can also use != to check if two string are not equal.
  3. You must use single space before and after the == and != operators.

How do I compare two strings in bash?

When comparing strings in Bash you can use the following operators: string1 = string2 and string1 == string2 – The equality operator returns true if the operands are equal. Use the = operator with the test [ command. Use the == operator with the [[ command for pattern matching.

How do I print a string in bash?

To print a string in Bash, use echo command. Provide the string as command line argument to echo command.

How do I declare a variable in bash?

A variable in bash is created by assigning a value to its reference. Although the built-in declare statement does not need to be used to explicitly declare a variable in bash, the command is often employed for more advanced variable management tasks.

How do you read in bash?

The Bash read command is a built-in utility that reads text from standard input.
Bash read Options.

Option Description
-t <time> The command times out after the specified time in seconds.
-u <file descriptor> Read from file descriptor instead of standard input.

What is echo in bash?

The echo command is used to display a line of text that is passed in as an argument. This is a bash command that is mostly used in shell scripts to output status to the screen or to a file.

What are bash commands?

Linux commands

When you issue a command to Bash, it searches specific directories on your system to see whether such a command exists. If the command does exist, then Bash executes it. Bash is also a command, and it’s usually the default command executed when you open a terminal window or log into a text console.

What is read P?

read is a bash built-in (not a POSIX shell command) that reads from standard input. The -p option makes it read as a prompt, meaning it doesn’t add a trailing newline before trying to read input.

What does o mean in Linux?


in most cases -o will stand for output but it’s not a defined standard it can potentially mean anything the developer wanted it to mean, the only way someone can know which commands is to use a command line option of –help, -h, or something -? to display a simple list of commands, again because the developer of the …

What ls command in Linux?

The ls command is used to list files or directories in Linux and other Unix-based operating systems. Just like you navigate in your File explorer or Finder with a GUI, the ls command allows you to list all files or directories in the current directory by default, and further interact with them via the command line.

What does N mean in Linux?

-n is one of the string operators for evaluating the expressions in Bash. It tests the string next to it and evaluates it as “True” if string is non empty. Positional parameters are a series of special variables ( $0 , $1 through $9 ) that contain the contents of the command line argument to the program.

What is $N in Unix?

The \n is a newline character for Unix-based systems; it helps to push the commands that come after it onto a new line.

What is N in CLI?

-n appears to be the short-form of –name . See for example Creating an environment with commands. – steeldriver.

What is N command in Unix?

The n command lets you step over function calls in your scripts. This command saves you time because you won’t need to single-step through every line of every function. The program below has three functions defined and three function calls and is used to demonstrate the n command.

What is $2 in bash?

$2 is the second command-line argument passed to the shell script or function. Also, know as Positional parameters.

What does \n mean in echo?

echo alone adds a new line, whereas echo -n does not. From man bash : echo [-neE] [arg …] Output the args, separated by spaces, followed by a newline. (…)