Css allows only one directional flow which means the traversal is from parent to child only. Xpath is slower in terms of performance and speed. Css has better performance and speed than xpath.

Which is faster CSS Selector or XPath?

CSS selectors tend to perform better, faster, and more reliably than XPath in most browsers. They are much shorter and easier to read and understand. However, there are some situations where you need to use XPath instead of CSS, like when searching for a parent element or searching for an element by its text.

Why CSS selectors have higher priority over XPath expressions?

> When compared to XPath Expressions, CSS Selectors locate the UI elements faster. > Selenium may not be able to locate few UI elements using XPath Expressions while executing the Automation scripts on Internet Explorer Browser.

Which CSS Selector is fastest?

popupbutton is the fastest.

Why is XPath slow?

XPath, on the other hand, is a generalized and complex expression language, that allows much more selections than CSS, and thus is harder to optimize.

Why do we use CSS Selector in Selenium?

Essentially, the CSS Selector combines an element selector and a selector value that can identify particular elements on a web page. Like XPath, CSS selector can be used to locate web elements without ID, class, or Name.

What is the fastest locator in Selenium?

ID locator in

ID locator in Selenium is the most preferred and fastest way to locate desired WebElements on the page. ID Selenium locators are unique for each element in the DOM. Since IDs are unique for each element on the page, it is considered the fastest and safest method to locate elements.

Is XPath slow Selenium?

Finding elements by XPath is useful for finding elements using very complex selectors, and is the most flexible selection strategy, but it has the potential to be very slow, particularly in IE.

What is difference between XPath and CSS selector?

Hello Ushma, the primary difference between XPath and CSS Selectors is that, with the XPath we can traverse both forward and backward whereas CSS selector only moves forward. Although CSS selectors perform far better than Xpath and it is well documented in Selenium community.

Which is faster and slowest locator in Selenium?

According to this article on Medium: “Which locator is faster in identifying elements in Selenium?”, the order of Selenium Locators (fast to slow) is “ID, Name, CSS, XPath“.

Which is the fastest WebDriver?

The fastest implementation of WebDriver is the HTMLUnitDriver. It is because the HTMLUnitDriver does not execute tests in the browser and also called as a Headless browser.

Which locator is best in order to automate?


IDs are the safest locator option and should always be your first choice. By W3C standards, it should be unique in the page meaning you will never have a problem with finding more than one element matching the locator.

Which XPath is faster absolute or relative?

Relative Xpaths are always preferred as they are not the complete paths from the root element. (//html//body). Because in future, if any webelement is added/removed, then the absolute Xpath changes. So Always use Relative Xpaths in your Automation.

Which XPath is faster?

CSS is faster than XPath. CSS is more readable than XPath. It also improves the performance. It is very compatible across browsers.

Which method is overloaded in Selenium?

Method Overloading In Selenium

Methods Overloading is a process of using the two methods in the same class with the same name and different parameters. Now in Selenium, we all use Implicit Wait to make the page wait for some specified time interval.

What is CSS selector Selenium?

CSS Selectors in Selenium are string patterns used to identify an element based on a combination of HTML tag, id, class, and attributes.

What are CSS selector limitations?

There are several limitations of CSS such as:

It cannot provide total control over document display and allows the contents of the page to come through whatever the browser is used. Ascending by selectors is not possible. Limitations of vertical control. No expressions as it is a text-based coding language.

How does CSS selector find XPath?

Finding a CSS Selector or XPath

  1. Right click on an element.
  2. Choose Inspect.
  3. Locate the element in the Elements panel of the Developer Tools.
  4. Right click on the element’s line.
  5. Choose Copy -> Copy Selector or Copy -> Copy XPath.
  6. Paste the result into the ID field of an action.